Early Years Foundation Stage


Subject Leader

Mrs Brett-Smith

The Curriculum

The first stage of learning is called the Early Years Foundation (EYFS). It begins when children enter Nursery and continues until the end of the Reception year. The EYFS underpins all future learning by supporting and fostering the children’s personal, social and emotional well-being. It encourages positive attitudes and dispositions and a curiosity to learn. The Foundation stage is divided into the following areas of learning:

Prime Area:
  • Personal, social and emotional development.
  • Physical development.
  • Communication and language.
Specific Area:
  • Literacy.
  • Maths.
  • Understanding the world.
  • Expressive arts and design.
Teaching and learning in the Foundation stage is based on an understanding of how children learn.
  • Children learn best through play.
  • First hand experiences which are well-structured and meaningful.
  • Interacting with others in a cognitive and reflective way.
  • Being physically active.
  • Having their own interests valued, developed and extended.

The planning of activities incorporate all areas of learning. Learning takes place within the indoor and outdoor areas and consists of adult led, adult directed and child initiated activities.

At Orchard we have developed a personalised fine motor skills policy to provide our children with activities at an appropriate level, to track progress and to initiate intervention programs.
We teach phonics through the Letters and Sounds scheme and Oxford Reading tree is our core scheme for reading.

EYFS Policy

Early-Years-Policy

How can you help at home?
Please read the policy for activities that could be carried out at home to support your child with fine motor skills development.

Assessment Information

In EYFS children are continually assessed through observations and planned activities. Children’s progress is tracked during the year and tracking grids are updated each half term. At the end of the Reception year, EYFS profile data is submitted to the local authority giving each child a grading of either Emerging, Expected or Exceeding for each Early Learning Goal.


Aspire to achieve            Believe in yourself            Care for each other

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Orchard Primary School, Oxford Road, Sidcup, Kent, DA14 6LW
Tel: 0208 300 4878         E-mail: admin@orchard.bexley.sch.uk